Agriculture is a key component of Nebraska’s economy. With planting season on the horizon, Nebraska Public Power District is encouraging farmers – many involved in spring planting at this time – to be particularly alert to the dangers of working near overhead power lines.
“We want all farm workers to look up, look down, look all around before starting work to see where potential contact between farming equipment and electric transmission and distribution lines could occur,” said NPPD Transmission and Distribution Manager Joel Dagerman.
NPPD urges farm workers to review their activities and work practices that take place around any power lines. Everyone who works on the farm should know the location of power lines and keep farm equipment at least 20 feet away from them. The minimum 20 foot distance is a 360-degree rule – below, to the side and above lines.
Dagerman urged farmers not to raise or move a power line under any situation and to be aware of underground lines before digging and contact the Digger’s Hotline (dial 811) before work begins.
Many farm electrical accidents that involve power line contact happen when loading or preparing to transport equipment to fields, or while performing maintenance or repairs on farm machinery near power lines. It can be difficult to estimate distance and sometimes a power line is closer than it looks. A spotter or someone with a broader view can help.
Safety tips to avoid contact with power lines include:
• Talk to those working in the area of power lines to make sure everyone is on the same safety page.
• Use a second person as a spotter when working around power lines.
• Do not raise the arms of planters, cultivators or truck bed when moving vehicles;
• Be aware of increased height when loading and transporting larger modern farm machinery.
• Watch for radio antennas that extend from the cab to fifteen feet above the ground that could make contact with power lines;
• Be careful not to raise any equipment such as ladders, poles or rods into power lines. --Non-metallic materials such as lumber, tree limbs, tires, ropes and hay will conduct electricity depending on dampness and dust and dirt contamination.
• Do not try to clear storm-damage debris and limbs near or touching power lines or near fallen lines.
The overhead electric wires are not the only electrical contact that can result in a serious incident. Pole guy wires are grounded to the neutral; but, when one of the guy wires is broken, it can cause an electric current disruption. This can make those neutral wires anything but harmless. If a guy wire is struck with farm equipment and breaks, or when making contact with electrical poles and wires, contact the electric utility in the area.
“It is also important for operators of farm equipment to know what to do if the vehicle comes in contact with a power line,” Dagerman explained. “It is always best to stay in the cab and call for help. Warn others who may be nearby to stay away and wait until the electric utility arrives to make sure power to the line is cut off.”
If the power line is energized and the individual steps outside, they become the path and electrocution can be the result. Even if a power line has landed on the ground, there is still the potential for the area nearby to be energized. Remain inside the vehicle unless there is a fire or imminent risk of fire. In that case, the proper action is to jump – not step – with both feet hitting the ground at the same time. Do not allow any part of your body to touch the equipment and the ground at the same time. Continue to shuffle or hop to safety, keeping both feet together as you leave the area.
Once away from the equipment, never attempt to get back on or even touch the equipment. Many electrocutions occur when the operator dismounts and, thinking nothing has happened, tries to get back on the equipment. Alert the local electric utility that have highly-trained lineman that can assist and return a potentially dangerous situation back to normal.
“Taking a few minutes to start each work day to look up, look down, and look all around will be a great step in keeping our Nebraska farm workers safe and avoid the potential for hazards, as well as eliminating disruption of electric service,” Dagerman emphasized.