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Last week, I gave you the first five items to pack in a survival kit. Here, are the second five.

The sixth tool that I recommend is a saw of some kind. If you are surviving for any length of time, you are going to need a saw. A saw will help you to cut wood for firewood, building shelter, making weapons and traps and even cutting up large game for food. The size and type of saw that you include is up to you, and may depend on parameters such as how large your kit is, where you are going, weight and other considerations.

Your seventh item to include in your survival kit is signal items. These can include any or all of the following: whistle, flares, mirror, flare gun, walkie-talkie or satellite phone and smoke making materials. If you are only going to include one item, I suggest the mirror. A mirror can be used to signal overhead planes or search parties from a great distance. Whatever items you take, be sure to know how to use them. If necessary, write down instructions and include it in your kit.

The eighth essential addition to your survival kit is rope. What kind of rope you use is up to you, but this is a must when trying to survive. Paracord is most popular for this use, and it has a multitude of uses. Paracord will also stretch when it’s wet, and then shrink back up when dry. This is useful for a setting where you need something tied real tight. Get your cord wet, tie something up as tight as possible, and when dry the cord will shrink up even tighter.

Rope is good for building shelter, hanging food and bags out of reach, making snares and traps, fishing line and moving large items such as boulders and logs. The uses for rope are endless, so make sure your kit includes plenty.

The ninth item to incorporate into your kit is water supplies. This includes water storage, water filtering, water disinfectant and ways to boil water. Water is crucial to your survival, as most people can’t live more than 72 hours without water. Water also needs to be potable, or safe, for drinking. During your survival time, you will need to take in about a gallon of water a day per person.

Carry plenty of water with you, preferably in a metal container. Metal containers are puncture proof in case of accident, and may also double as a pot for boiling water if you need it. Chemical tablets are available to make sure that stream water is safe for drinking, and you can also carry iodine. Having a pan or pot to boil water is probably one of the best methods for making water potable for drinking. Melting snow is also an excellent method of obtaining water. Natural water from streams and lakes can oftentimes contain bacteria and parasites from wild animal feces. Having a case of dysentery or picking up round worms can make you extremely sick and weak. You will need all of your strength for survival.

The final item on the list is a flashlight. Whether you are stuck out in the wilderness for two days or two weeks, you will most likely need to go somewhere or do something in the dark. A flashlight will come in quite handy, but be sure to conserve the batteries. The batteries are only going to last so long, so save them as much as possible. Extras won’t hurt anything either.

As mentioned before, here are a few extra things that you may want to add to your particular survival kit. What you add will depend on your size and weight limitations, where you are going and how remote it is and your preferences. Extra tools that would be useful are a hatchet, pliers or a shovel. Take time to consider what tools you might want to add for your particular situation.

Other additions might be medications, a snake bite kit, dehydrated food, money or a weapon such as a handgun or break down bow. Tailor your kit to fit your needs and, if you ever need to use it, you will appreciate the time that you took to put it all together. There is much more that could be said on the subject, but I hope that this quick overview has gotten you to think about it and to take action.

Taxidermy Tip of the Week: Since this article is longer, my tip will be short. Don’t take any wooden nickels, and never, never, never wrap a fish in newspaper.

Daryl Keyes is owner of Pheasant Hollow Taxidermy. His columns on the outdoors are featured regularly in The Telegram.

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